Key Insights

The mental state and belief have a fundamental effect on the body.

The Will to Meaning
 
Search for meaning is the primary motivation, rather than secondary rationalisation.
 
– it’s unique and specific and can only be achieved by yourself, which is what makes it meaningful
Meaning of Life
– what matters is not the meaning of life in general, but more so the specific meaning of a person’s life at a given moment.
– Don’t ask the question, but rather answer for yourself
 
Find:
1) by creating work or doing deed
2) experience smthg or encounter someone
3) attitude we take toward unavoidable suffering

 

Logo-therapy 

– putting life together hanging on to one thin straw
– tracing neurosis back to failure to find meaning / responsibility
– Freud – sexual frustration
– Frankl – frustration in the “will-to-meaning”

Part I – The Camp

Periods in Concentration Camp
1) Admission – shock
2) Routine
3) Liberation

A) Shock

Delusion of Reprieve – illusion in the last minute that everything might turn out well
An abnormal reaction to an abnormal situation is a normal reaction.

B) Apathy

– emotional death
– The salvation of man is through love and in love.
– Love goes very far beyond physical person, deepest meaning in spiritual being / inner self
– Humour allows for aloofness and rising above situation in any situation for a few seconds
– Scale of relative luck (comparing yourself against others)
Fitting into the crowd – a method of self-preservation (to not be conspicuous
Unemployment / uncertainty around future makes days / hours feel much longer.
Suffering, ceases to be suffering as soon as we form a clear and precise picture of it.
The mental state and belief have a fundamental effect on the body.
He who has a why to live for can bear with almost any how- Nietzsche
When the impossibility if replacing a human being is realised, it allows the responsibility which a man has for his existence and its continuance to appear in all its magnitude.

C) Liberation

– Bitterness – nobody recognises how much suffering
– Disillusionment – dreams goals not there or not as enticing as imagined

Part II -Logotherapy

Psychoanalysis
– telling about disagreeable things
– retrospective
– introspective
– strive for power / sex
Logotherapy
– listening to disagreeable things
– focus: future purpose
– the will to meaning
The Will to Meaning
Search for meaning is the primary motivation, rather than secondary rationalisation.
– it’s unique and specific and can only be achieved by yourself, which is what makes it meaningful
Noogebic Neurosis
– mind disorders
– existential problem
Existential Vacuum
– sometimes we don’t know what we want
– conformism – do what others do
– totalitarianism – do what others tell you to do
– manifest itself in the state of boredom
Meaning – will to …
– money
– power
– pleasure
Meaning of Life
– what matters is not the meaning of life in general, but more so the specific meaning of a person’s life at a given moment.
– Don’t ask the question, but rather answer for yourself
Find:
1) by creating work or doing deed
2) experience smthg or encounter someone
3) attitude we take toward unavoidable suffering
Hyper-intention
– too focused on goal which is counterproductive (ie orgasm – concentrate on partner instead of yourself)
Paradoxical Intention
– do the opposite of what you want
– stay awake as long as possible if fear of sleeplessness
– tell people how much you sweat if you fear of sweating a lot
– joke about your situation
Every man can change anything.
MEn have good and evil within himself, which one is actualised depends on his decision, not on conditions.
Happiness
– can’t be forced
– but the reason to be happy needs to be found and then its automatic
– and you become optimistic
Mass Neurotic Symptom
– Depression – meaninglessness/unemployment neurosis, realise purpose later just give it time
– Aggression – only happy if joint task/purpose with another person
– Addiction – feel like life is meaningless
What’s the meaning?
– Study people who claim they found theirs
1) Create work / do a deed
2) Love
3) Attitude towards unavoidable suffering
– see it as growth experience “what doesn’t kill you makes you stronger”
The world is in a bad state and will only be worse if we don’t do our best.
— Since Ausschwitz we know what man is capable of.
— Since Hiroshima we know what’s at stake.
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